While wearing a mask was a status symbol in the Venice of the 17th century, its use was subject to strict rules. A common Venetian mask is the Gnaga, part of a costume worn by men disguised as women. The church is famous for its immense ceiling painting, depicting The Martyrdom and Apotheosis of St Pantalon. A man could not dress himself as a woman, and prostitutes were not allowed to wear masks in public. GRAB OUR ITALY VACATION GUIDE & CHECKLIST. The distinctive mask was generally white with two round eyes-holes covered with glass. It was usually worn by men who want to disguise themselves as women. Creating masks … Ironically, it was precisely because of the outfit that plague doctors were less susceptible to get the disease, as the overcoat acted as a sort of cloak which prevented the fleas (the real cause of the infection) to get to the doctor’s skin. 2. Mask types; Mask Types: ... but most of the time they are tied around the head like most other Venetian masks. Photographs used on this website by permission or license remain the property of their respective owners. The masks is usually decorated with gliding. It usually has a large headpiece that may have bells attached, with the mask’s features having a short nose and arched brows for a more comical effect. The first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. Types of Masks Jolly: A stunning, full-faced Venetian masquerade mask with points made of highly decorative document paper. How Venetian masks are made In our … The mantle and veil worn with this costume made it easy to conceal arms, which forced the State of Venice to issue several decrees regulating the wearing of costumes. His full title is Pantalone de’Bisognosi, also known as Il Magnifico, or Babilonio. He is an old, avid and petty merchant, wearing a black mantle, woolen cap, short trousers and long, red socks (pantaloni), the typical outfit of Venetian merchants. on Sacra di San Michele: a Mysterious Monastery high up in the Mountains, Carnival of Venice: history and meaning of the different types of Venetian masks. It was invented by French phycisian Charles de Lorme as a way to protect against the plague. Another explanation is that birds did not get the plague, which might have been another reason why doctors adopted this outfit. The word bauta refers not just to a mask, but to the entire outfit, worn indifferently by men and women. Our Complete Guide to Italian craft beers, on Nardò, the big-hearted, sleeping beauty (Salento, Puglia), on Italia Sparita – A Story about Little Things and Big Emotions, on How Slow is Slow ? There are a few typically Venetian masks. Pingback:Top 10 most popular articles of 2013. TYpes of masks. Venice Carnival masks fall into several categories: Commedia dell'Arte masks are based on traditional characters like Harlequin and Pierrot. I just wanted to say thanks again for all your efforts in arranging our trip. Since the 18th c. the town has been the Mediterranean’s main coffee harbor. We had a great time, a little rain, but all in all, it was amazing. A handful of armed protesters affiliated with right-wing militias gathered outside the Michigan statehouse in Lansing on Sunday, according to reports. Carnival started as a time for celebration where all social classes would mingle, and the fact of wearing a mask offered a unique possibility to remain anonymous, enjoying the advantages that such condition brought with it. The sweetheart of Arlecchino, Colombina (also known as Arlecchina), is not a true mask, as the Servetta wears her own face or, more rarely, a half-mask, only assuming the costume and dialect of the region she chooses to represent. Its name derives from the word moro which means ‘black’ in Venetian. As is the case with all laws, we can only assume that they existed beca… This mask covers the cheeks, eyes and sometimes the nose of whomever wears it. With lavish decorations and colorful costumes, people fill the event with a vibrant energy that adds to its festivity. It has a very distinct look consisting of a mask with a long and hollow beak-like nose with round eyes. Slow Italy explores different ways to (re)discover Italy, which are both inspiring and more sustainable, by creating benefits for the local communities and diverting travelers away from the usual, saturated tourism hot spots. As such, it came with ordinary women’s clothing and a small basket under the arm, usually containing a kitten. Venetian masks can be made of leather, porcelain or using the original glass technique. It is usually worn with a black tricorn hat, a veil and a mantle that is worn over the shoulders to complete the costume. Other names: Liberty, Olga, Valeri, Salome, Fantasia, Regina. The typical mask worn with this costume is the larva, a mainly white mask whose particular shape allows the wearer to eat and drink without removing it. BOOK MUSEUM TICKETS, TOURS & ATTRACTIONS! Your email is never shared. The traditional Gnaga outfit includes female clothing and a mask portraying a female cat. (Rant, thoughts and what Slow Italy stands for), on Italy’s most awe-inspiring, smaller lakes you’ve probably never heard of, on Top 15 reasons that make Molise the new coolest region to visit in Italy, The Mysterious Park of the Monsters of Bomarzo, Sacra di San Michele: a Mysterious Monastery high up in the Mountains, Combining Rome sightseeing with a trip to the picturesque Island of Ponza (Follow our photo tour), 10 Reasons why Turin should be on your Italy bucket list, 10 reasons to visit Genoa next time you are in Italy, Top 10 Historic cafés and pastry shops in Trieste, Not just blondes! The friendly salesman with his rough knowledge of English showed me the various types of these masks and that was a surprise for me. They mainly fall into two categories: The five picturesque villages, known as the Cinque Terre, count among the most scenic and colorful villages of Italy. Yes! 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Worn during Carnival in Venice, these world-famous masks date back to … A very severe punishment was inflicted on any person violating these rules. Some historians believe that the impact of the Italian plague on life and commerce was such that it ultimately resulted in the downfall of the Republic of Venice. L-R: Colombina Musica, Colombina Stella Silver White, Colombina Mezza Sky BlueLooks like: It’s a half-mask that is often heavily decorated. Several theories exist as to why plague doctors wore this bird-like costume. The name Bauta actually refers to the entire costume and not just the mask. 1. It is ideally worn by people who want to engage in light banter while showing off their intelligence. Nowadays, Venetian masks are a much more elaborate affair. Typical Venetian Carnival Masks Various theories exist as to the origin of the name. One theory suggests that it is derived from San Pantaleone one of the Saints of Venice who has a church dedicated to his memory in the sestiere Dorsoduro. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of any part of the site’s contents without written and express permission from the owner is prohibited. This newest wall mask by famed Italian artist Veronese offers up magnificent style and artistry in a scaled ornamental jester wall mask. Its particular shape still allows the wearer to eat or drink without having to remove the mask. Our Complete Guide to Italian craft beers, Nardò, the big-hearted, sleeping beauty (Salento, Puglia), Italia Sparita – A Story about Little Things and Big Emotions, How Slow is Slow ? One theory was that the disease was spread by birds, and so the costume may have had some kind of spiritual meaning. Manufactured in Venice by the … He is portrayed with a hook nose, protruding eyebrows, a pointy goatee, while a black domino conceals half of his face. Commedia dell'Arte was a form of popular … Walking around Venice nowadays, you’ll see many types of masks, ranging from the simple to extraordinarily decorative art pieces. Today, costumes worn at the Carnival vary to a certain degree from the original characters and often combine various elements of different origin. It is recognized as one of the most ancient of Venetian masks. She's a respected expert on making dream Italy vacations a reality for clients. Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence by George C. Kohn (ed. Fantasy masks are figments of the maskmaker's imagination, … Twice daily during the Carnival of Venice a Best Masked Costume Contest takes place on Piazza San Marco. This mask has the classic Harlequin features, which include a colorful outfit and exudes a very flamboyant style. The idea was to keep away bad smells, as they were thought to be the main cause of the disease. Follow us on Twitter, Instagram, Google+ and on Facebook. Located at 10 km of Turin, the Basilica of Superga, site of a regal vow and of a terrible tragedy, is one of these sites where history and story meet. … The Medico della peste costume consisted of an ankle length black overcoat and/or gown made from heavy fabric and usually waxed, protective gloves and a bird-like mask with a long beak. To contact us please use our contact form. Usually seen as a heavily decorated half mask worn by women, it takes its origins from the Commedia dell’arte and is considered the female version of the Bauta. A more plausible theory is that the mask’s name derives from pianta-leone (plant-the-lion), referring to the Venetian habit to ‘plant’ their flag (bearing a winged lion as the traditional symbol of Venice) everywhere they set foot. May 1, 2020 - All types of Venetians masks from around the world. It has an unusual history tied to this mask. Types of Venetian Masks. In this article, I will give a brief background of the history of venetian masquerade masks, and a quick overview of the different types of venetian masks … In a society where social classes were very well defined and not intended to interact with each other, wearing a mask allowed to hide any form of identification based on origin, age, gender or religion. The most severe one, in 1630–31, recorded casualties of 46,000 people out of a population of 140,000. The Carnevale di Venezia is one of the most famous carnivals around the world, and a charming characteristic of the city. The mask is coupled with an ankle length overcoat made of black fabric, as well as waxed, protective gloves. The main types of Venetian masks are the bauta, moretta, gnaga, medico della pesta, pantalone, arlechino, colombina (see further). If we get the opportunity to go again, I will... Shana Estabrooks (Sharpsburg, GA)Customized Vacation, April 2012. After a 1,000 km road trip in a sanctuary of peace and silent poetry, here are 15 reasons to visit Molise, More than any other city in Italy, Trieste is inextricably linked to the world of coffee. Venetian masks: types, prices and … beware of imitations! In 1339, the Republic’s lawmakers specifically outlawed vulgar disguises and visiting convents while wearing a mask. Join our large community of over +75,000 followers on Facebook, Twitter, Stumbleupon, Linkedin, Google+ and Instagram: Slow Italy® is the first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. Originally one of the most popular masks of the Commedia del’Arte, from the Bergamo basso of the 16th century, Arlecchino is now a central figure in the modern Venetian Carnival. It has a square-ish design that gives it a wide chin and normally lacks a mouth. See more ideas about venetian masks, masks masquerade, carnival masks. Priscila Siano is the Marketing Director of Tour Italy Now, an online tour operator specializing in Italy travel. The character of Colombina usually wears ragged clothes to signify her status as a servant, but women nowadays who wear the mask usually pair it with elaborate costumes that represent their region. Ancient Umbria is the territory once inhabited by the Umbri, the people who had settled east of the Tiber river in pre-Roman times. The bauta was one of the most popular costumes of the Old Carnival, especially in the eighteenth century, and remained in vogue well into the modern Carnival. Concerning different types of all Venetian masks, it is important to highlight two main groups: commedia dell’arte masks and carnival ones. They are light and comfortable to wear. Venetian Mask • What are the different types of Venetian masks?Laura S. Harris (2020, December 23.) It usually has a simple design and not as lavish as other carnival masks. The earliest accounts of Venetian masks are laws stating what Venetians could not do while wearing one. Top 10 Italian towns where to celebrate carnival, Venetian bridges with the most unusual names, Squero San Trovaso: where Venetian gondolas are born. It was, for example, forbidden to wear masks outside the carnival time (and other well-defined, specific times) or in sacred places, such as churches. There are many different types of masquerade masks out there, and many people, even ones who have attended a masquerade ball, are still in the dark about the true origins of masquerade masks and venetian masks. Venetian masks are of three types: “maschere di Carnevale,” to be worn out and around, “maschere decorative,” made to be used as a decoration at … It is intrinsically linked to the history of Venice, as the city was hit by several plague outbreaks between 1361 and 1680. Required fields are marked *. 2.1 Volto mask. Please send me my FREE Insider Italy Vacation Checklist with the insider travel secrets I'll need for a perfect Italy vacation. It was often worn with a basket under the arm, which usually contained a little kitten. Jan Miel, Commedia dell’arte Troupe on a … ), Facts. It is derived from one of the characters in the Italian theater Commedia dell’arte, who is usually depicted as an old man with a witty and intelligent personality. GATTO (means cat in Italian) is … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Masks have always been an essential component of the Venetian carnival. Also called Larva (meaning ghost in Latin) is an iconic Venetian Carnival mask. These masks can be broadly classified in to two types - Commedia dell'arte masks and the Carnival masks. Italian Venetian Masks / Photo by Julius Venetian masks are often classified under two different categories. One of the more popular traditional masks of the Venetian carnival, the Bauta features a white mask made of fine white cloth. … Phantom of The Opera (Eye Mask) Phantom of The Opera (Eye Mask) authentic venetian mask in papier mache handcrafted according to the original Venice carnival tradition. All content on this website, including graphics, articles and photographs, is copyright of Slow Italy®. This mask … The original masks were rather simple in design, decoration, and often had a symbolic and practical function. It is usually worn with a black tricorn hat, a veil and a mantle that is worn over the shoulders to complete the costume. Volto masks feature a simple style that covers the entire face, giving the wearer complete anonymity from others. Originally Venetian masks were made of leather, porcelain or glass and had a practical or symbolic function. Read more. The Arlecchino mask: a motley history Born in the poor district of Bergamo, the history of this mask is surrounded by mystery... A well-grounded hypothesys claims … Today they are often made of hand-painted gesso or papier-mâché and decorated with feathers and gems. Bauta: Basic, full-face masks with a pointed chin and no mouth. One of the most iconic symbols of the Venetian carnival is the mask. It has a square-ish design that gives it a wide chin and normally lacks a mouth. Nov 20, 2018 - Explore Ngaere Sutton's board "venetian mask types" on Pinterest. 3. Its name is taken from the Italian phonetic of a cat’s meowing (“gnau”). Carnevale is a truly grand celebration, especially in Venice. Its origins are centuries old, and it still attracts thousands of tourists each year who arrive in Venice to admire the sumptuous costumes and masks parading in the streets and squares. It is commonly seen even in modern times and has many variations in terms of decorations and style. Genoa, like Turin, is one of these fascinating Italian cities that remain off the tourist radar. Originally, the Medico della peste was not a carnival mask, but an outfit invented by the French physician Charles de Lorme, and worn as a protection against the plague. One of the more popular traditional masks of the Venetian carnival, the Bauta features a white mask made of fine white cloth. Some of the most beautiful villas on the Amalfi Coast, Lake Como, Capri, in Tivoli, Tuscany and the Castelli Romani. In our days this is probably the most popular and most beautiful mask type used during the Venetian Carnival. Venetian Red Carnival Mask, Venice, Italy A DSLR photo of a Red Venetian Carnival mask in Venice, Italy. A law of 1268 forbade masked people from playing certain games. They are made with the application of gesso, a white paint mixture, and gold leaf and are all hand-painted using natural feathers and gems to decorate. Italy is awesome! Below are a few examples of the different styles worn at the Venetian Carnival. The Commedia Dell’Arte Masks represent theater and represent characters, … on File, Inc., New York, 1995. Arlecchino. This mask is the feminine version of the Bauta mask… The costume consists of a tricorn black hat, a veil and a tabarro, a mantle, which doubles over the shoulders, originally white, deep-blue or red in color, and decorated with frills and fringes. Chowhound Italy Board: Where the Serious Foodies Hangout, The Tipping Point to Booking An Italy Tour. Bauta Masks – The one that covers the whole face, with a stubborn chin line, no mouth, and lots of gilding was Bauta. Unfortunately, because of its restrictive design, its wearer cannot eat or drink anything without taking it off. The word bauta refers not just to a mask, but to the entire outfit, worn indifferently by men … This design was inspired by 16th century Venetian doctors who believed that adopting this look protected them from disease and plague that was prevalent during this time. Venetian Carnival Masks. Even my young people on the trip fell in love with Montepulciano and Volterra. Call or email us and a Travel Expert will get back to you within 24 hours. It had two small nose holes and acted as a kind of respirator (or primitive gas mask), filled with spices, pungent herbs, camphor and other strong aromatic substances, that supposedly purified the air plague victims had breathed. With a nod to the romantic masks of the lavish, centuries-old Venetian … The mask is the main focus of the picture.The mask has pink, purple and red feathers, a golden mask, … Also available in Red, Blue and Black … The name Bauta actually refers to the entire costume and not just the mask. Its particular shape still allows the wearer to eat or drink without having to remove the mask. It is typically worn with a three-cornered hat and a cloak, which adds to its mysterious aura. Far from the crowds and the usual archaeological sights and main cities, Sicily still reserves any number of hidden treasures. The person wearing the costume would usually behave like a plebeian courtesan, uttering acute sounds and mocking meows. It can be adorned with a variety of jewelry, feathers and other fabrics, which gives it a very ornate look. See more ideas about Venetian mask, Mask, Masks masquerade. Photo credits (top to bottom): lion © Luciano De Faveri; peacock feature costume © Lovrencg; cappuccino costume © mandymin; orange feathers costume by Paolo Vercesi; bird © edouarrr ; bauta © missiaja; plague doctor by JanvanSchijndel; Pantalone church by Divot; Gnaga © neirfy; Arlecchino © Lovrencg. They are probably the most famous masks in the world, but not everyone knows that the origin of Venetian masks … Masks can be made out of many materials and can be made in many different styles. Another thirteenth-century law prohibited masked people from gambling. By the founder of YourguidetoItaly.com, who has been promoting  a slow and deeper way of traveling in Italy since 2005. Columbine Masks – The half mask highly decorated with gold, silver, crystals and feathers, held up to the face by a baton or tied with ribbon as with most other Venetian masks was Columbine. What are the different types of Venetian masks? The masks used back during the Carnival of Venice came in all types, many richly decorated with feathers and bright colors. The mask itself features a long and hooked nose with slanted eyes. Those are just but a few masks, there are more such as Brighella, La Raffiana, Scaramuccia, and Arlecchino. Here are at least ten reasons why the bubbling and inspiring city of Turin should definitely be on your Italy bucket list. © Slow Italy, 2005-2021. This mask takes its origins from outside of the Venetian carnival setting. 3 Types of Masks Historically one of the most commonly worn masks during Carnival was the bauta mask, a mask that only covers half the face and was sometimes accompanied by a tri-cornered hat … Another mask tied to Commedia dell’arte, the character of Arlecchino is known as the servant of Pantalone and the lover of Colombina. Competitors parade on stage, challenging each other with their masks, costumes, feathers, wigs and caps. Finished with pearls and bells. About 20 protesters, including … Usually worn by women, the moretta is an oval, strapless, velvet mask with no opening for the mouth, that is held in place by a button clenched between the teeth, reason why it is also called a ‘mute mask’ or servetta muta. Bauta. on Not just blondes! Pantalone is one of the most ancient Venetian masks. Originally used as a status symbol in the 17th century, it has many different meanings and functions during the event, with each type of mask having its own distinct look and symbolism. Italy is awesome! Masks were an integral part of the Venetian carnival. Venetian Mask Characters Different Types and their Origin Commedia Dell'Arte is a popular form of improvisational theatre, which began in Italy during the 15th century, maintaining its popularity through … Let us help you plan your dream trip to Italy. Like the Medico della peste, il Pantalone is a character of the Commedia del’Arte. This peculiar Venetian half mask has a distinctive cat-like look. Often combine various elements of different origin FREE Insider Italy Vacation once inhabited by Umbri. Often made of black fabric, as the Cinque Terre, count among the most beautiful type. Remove the mask usually containing a kitten city was hit by several outbreaks! 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