Working in the streets leaves children vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. The landlocked Eastern European country of Moldova is is sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine. /Ordering (Identity) %���� /Leading 42 /AvgWidth 402 endobj Moldova ’s transition to democracy and a market-based economy has been very challenging. /StemV 40 /Length1 230068 At the same time, infighting within the pro-Europe camp is undermining efforts to put together a new pro-Europe alliance. �YL?ab�-�VL�8��YL���#.X{� x^o �$�^�U! Although the economic crisis has delayed structural reforms, a new three-year loan programme with the IMF should bolster central bank independence and improve fiscal and monetary policy. x�}TM��0��+|�V��s� �r臚��ꁀ�"59�_3��f��"%�ͼ73~� ն��af�77v;3��`{g���u���q���Y?t��;�Sz��z��ikc�ٰ�O�gwee?�ͧ ��z�{d?����e�����3�AQ��|�����=��q���0_���|������ޜ��3��Gl� x��} |յ��4��:��ŒmI��xw�;��ƉI�I�4%�F%$��B Z�����AY For some observers, what has happened in Moldova is no surprise. After the formation of each new ruling coalition in Chisinau, for instance, it has been common for the parties to divide control of state institutions between them, including the nominally independent judiciary. "Travelling to Eastern Europe to help improve the lives of others" who are teech. � �W����߇�! �W�����?�����_y Eastern European countries to discuss common challenges and solutions for water and health issues 01-04-2011 Representatives of Belarus, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine will meet at a workshop in Minsk, Belarus, on 5-6 April 2011 to share experiences and discuss challenges related to the implementation of the Protocol on Water and Health. Common challenges have also been discussed and solutions found through virtual platforms. What's in It for You? "In most of the former communist countries the transition from dictatorship to democracy and the free market cannot be done without having corruption at the political level, there are too many opportunities," says Monica Macovei, a Romanian member of the European Parliament and a former justice minister. Perhaps the toughest issue raised by the Moldova crisis is whether Association Agreements, without a clear promise of eventual EU membership, are enough to encourage the Eastern Partnership states to stay the course. /FirstChar 32 In the text below, the top 10 facts about living conditions in Moldova are presented. CU1ب[��*E0�_���j7$V8 However, poverty is decreasing at a steady rate. /Registry (Adobe) << However, the spirit of EU policy has not changed: Moldova has largely been forgotten and there is no strategy on the PMR. Stefan Fuele, the EU's former enlargement commissioner, says the political crisis in Moldova illustrates three factors that can hamper reform efforts. The selected text has limit of 300 characters. /Length 489 By building a free society engaged in free enterprise, we will set an example for other post-communist countries. �0L���y/v-��(�e����%���Y��m�A�aU�� 07����b>����-*��ź����ց5�W����V���݀���V���8������3�to�t�� �+���F�����D!�|f�z���`s�E�SG�h�K�)腩9'�Pj��-pE�C�^h�Bw.,��NL�Į�&c�sԱ��M^0�QL��b 5 0 obj [250 0 420 0 0 0 778 214 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 333 0 0 0 500 0 611 611 667 722 611 611 722 722 333 444 667 556 833 667 722 611 722 611 500 556 722 611 833 0 0 556 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 722 500 500 500 500 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 444 389] /Flags 32 "The issue of concern is [firstly] the lack of sustainability of the reform process and, secondly, the polarization of society, and third, a kind of 'privatization' by oligarchs and political parties of the democratic institutions," he says. It also risks fueling efforts by pro-Russian parties to discredit the EU and urge the former Soviet republic closer to Moscow. Democracy, good governance and stability, sustainable economic development, improving energy and transport cooperation, protecting the environment and resolving conflicts are challenges where regional cooperation can make a difference. /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding 12 0 obj [0 [778] 3 [250 333] 8 [833 778 180 333 333] 14 [564 250] 17 [250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278] 34 [444] 36 [722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 556 611 722 722 944 722 722 611] 68 [444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444] 101 [611] 103 [722] 105 [444] 112 [444] 116 [278] 121 [500 500 500 500] 126 [500] 129 [500] 139 [760] 161 [500] 177 [500] 179 [444 444 333 333] 196 [444] 200 [722] 203 [333] 229 [444] 237 [564] 250 [389] 252 [444] 254 [444] 276 [500] 280 [500] 284 [333] 294 [500] 563 [389] 580 [667] 588 [611] 602 [444] 616 [500]] CENTRAL EASTERN EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE Lead Author Dovilė Šukytė Authors Victoria Bucătaru Simonas Čepėnas Hennadiy Maksak Svetlana Rogov Iurii Vdovenko November 2015 Project Funded by the European Union. �a%t!��%ȫ�K�g �k`)�Z�2�ςeʛ��A>�#��|�Pހ��y�B>V#�g(�a#�A�D����|8�k��\@�B8���"8Gy6S�6 _�"_��l��/���߀M�߄�*�r8� %PDF-1.5 "It is a competitive neighborhood.". /Name /F4 In August, an online session on disease management was arranged, with leading physicians sharing experiences of treatment of COVID-19 patients, as well as of preparedness plans, treatment protocols and how to optimize human resources to respond to the pandemic. The former ruling coalition splintered over the arrest last month of Prime Minister Vlad Filat, a businessman behind the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), on charges of state theft by the Prosecutor-General's Office, which is controlled by a rival oligarch, Vladimir Plahotniuc, who controls the Democratic Party (DP). Eastern Europe Is A Tough Neighborhood The Moldova crisis equally illustrates the difficulty of spreading European standards into former states of the Soviet Union where Moscow opposes the effort. Europe would benefit greatly from a well-functioning and strengthened OSCE as the one pan-European organization in which all … That suggests that EU may have to decide for itself whether it really wants new members before it can judge its eastern partners too harshly for stop-and-go progress toward European integration. stream The three other countries in the six-member Eastern Partnership program -- Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Belarus -- have taken little interest in reforms or are closely linked to Moscow. >> The presence of a pro-Russian, self-proclaimed statelet called Transdniester within Moldova's borders, guarded by Russian peacekeepers, adds pressure to come to terms with Moscow. << C����� �GEL2���������������������������p�A�mNld���֥F��֬�QD/�3 Iȯp�%�N��PDU� ��kB9t��,2E?�Ɉ�s2H�Ģ"],i��,q� �9Psk�r����rI��s�~�7�.�r%k^>�8-�����*� The EU has a low profile in Moldova. prospects and risks beyond eu enlargement eastern europe challenges of a pan european policy Nov 22, 2020 Posted By Edgar Rice Burroughs Public Library TEXT ID 6924464f Online PDF Ebook Epub Library differentiated insider knowledge about the regional situation in russia ukraine prospects and risks beyond eu enlargement eastern europe challenges of a pan european Moldova, country lying in the northeastern corner of the Balkan region of Europe. Explainer: What Can Moldova's Crisis Teach The EU? ����F�~���V^�G)??A~�A����[�9�'�>�]p?�/��e�_ʿ��F�Đ����#? The pro-Moscow argument is made easier by the facts that Russia remains Moldova's main export market and one-half of Moldovans working abroad are in Russia. While this destination isn't too popular among visitors, Moldova is a fairly safe country to travel, however there are a few things you should know before visiting. IT Business Challenge(ITBC) also had to adapt and thus, this year, the event will be an online experience, designed to empower students to become competitive in their local, digital labor market. "We want to ensure in our dealings with our partners that they have all the capacity, all the conditions to make their own choice about their future," Fuele says. ��,�� ���KX��nI a �6�B����ܫ���dl��o�_����{�2GW��yFc� ����--gϊ]��;���]0���m�k�)��5@wǬ��~�X�͠��!���?k�iM�Y�{�o� pޜ��m���p|�Z0�sa�}������3oaM�봮�8���=��vv�t�!���G�OZ�rr�)��� hy�q��u�7�����n���|���B�j���_Ɔ5�~yw>ܭ� ��5�7n H8߳8����ϸ������6�G����]�� �M �� �(�]�|�[Y6p[��ע��W����P�vݦL5�"���t����?�n�\ȹ8�m:g�����}t׏0]�a��MJ�B��'��[�a�OY�۶�� Stronger engagement with Eastern European countries would benefit from reform of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)—a challenge on which the United States, Canada, and EU member states need to coordinate well to see it through. ���)c������߭#v�ٜKN�5�c�͉��IA�A�`EA! If you're looking for interesting European cities that are off the beaten path, make sure Moldova is on your list! �K)��"�#(�b�r(A��R�J�|UP�\ ��5�k�B�;��J�:�B�@�$�Q>��P����a*L@���S��I�3��3a2rLA��4�F��ӑ���f �"�ڠyD��)φF�/0��;�y.� ���{p Speaking at a video meeting of foreign ministers of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova in the format of the "Trio of EU Associated Partners", Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba stated that Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova are the European Union's most ambitious eastern partners. Economic crisis, like in other countries in transition, had a positive effect, in a form of decrease of pesticide and artificial fertilizers using. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, it declared its independence and took the name Moldova. Child labour in Europe: a persisting challenge English français ... Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. The country has been rocked by a billion-dollar bank heist that emerged a year ago and charges of corruption that recently toppled the former ruling coalition that was leading the drive for European integration. As many Moldovans' confidence in reforms is shaken by the corruption scandal, pro-Moscow parties have been quick to urge turning to the Russian-dominated Eurasian Economic Union instead. But Brussels seems loathe to offer such encouragement when member states are divided over the question of bringing in Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia. 11 0 obj Moldova's governing coalition, the Alliance for European Integration III coalition, collapsed on October 29 in a no-confidence vote after months of street protests over the disappearance last year of some $1 billion from the state banking system. After a long waiting period, Moldova's political stalemate has ended and the country's integration with Europe is once again pressing onward. /FontDescriptor 6 0 R ", Fuele calls that affirmation a "light at the end of the tunnel that shows the way forward." The European Union faces tough challenges fostering its values farther east, where oligarchs who rule or wield enormous policy influence might not share Brussels' views on corruption and rule of law. "We should be more active in addressing [pro-Russian] propaganda about what the Eurasian Economic Union offers versus what the EU offers a country like Moldova," Fuele says. �!σY��)/�v�]:s�R���`��gX'#/���a>�X��_��NE�2,D>:�#�QOC�E��a1� Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus and Southern Caucasus European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA NATIONAL INDICATIVE PROGRAMME 2011-2013 . This region was an integral part of the Romanian principality of Moldavia until 1812, when it was ceded to Russia. In part to counterbalance increasingly poor relations with its eastern neighbors, Moldova has cultivated its relations with the EU. Faced with these challenges, Moldova recognizes the need to join a European community that is free, prosperous and at peace. aZ���\L�1-��1Lץ�-,%��I� ���,G�\��Xn'u>ʱ\�me�|����i�~���"��`�L��19��B s;&���8����l=(�bކ��`>������MUVbف��6,[0�⸏��oEWa{�u�/׊y���9�2?�յhW�f�P}�������G}H�M�Ү���X|�b�:�1#��������$�o;1���EƧ����(�so$s�s����A��1L���}�=?�go$~h���Q��-5�O��߃ꭩu�1�yFtN2000�}��;�>7��=�������� �����QmF DIRECTORATE Eastern Europe, Southern Caucasus, Central Asian Republics. /Filter /FlateDecode >> 4 0 obj — Ukrinform. To comment on a portion of text or report a mistake or typo, select the text in the article and press Ctrl + Enter (or click. Work in agriculture may involve using dangerous machinery and tools, carrying heavy loads and applying harmful pesticides. /FontBBox [-498 -216 1333 694] /MaxWidth 1831 A member of ENP (European Neighborhood Policy) since 2005, Moldova continues to seek closer cooperation with the EU and eventual membership, though in this is not like to come to fruition while the frozen conflict with Transdnestria and its difficulties in articulating a functioning democracy continue to plague the country. Many of those magnates made their fortunes under opaque conditions and fund some of their countries' biggest political parties. /Descent -216 ��� �,��ۢ��f�^�r�/�VL=5��rst9�du�� ��WuN�[1���O?��pB��+�\��&���"AJb�#�CIw�bP]��:�ۧ1}�I��TL_F���B���C�-�Bh�W&tb:S�� b�`�M�O�X�4�ӏ�;ف����00ʌ�C��/�0�gї�#0��STPLj�1���l�l��/���J�Vd;�g ��A� 2��S�����A�">p#��O9 >�c�?r>� !9��OC>r!�#B.B�C� And for all of them, their post-Soviet transition has become vastly more challenging as a result of the breakdown of Europe’s … That union groups Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Armenia. She says the problem is compounded when the judiciary and other law enforcement bodies are weak or dominated by political powers -- the case in Moldova. The Eastern European Journal for Regional Studies (EEJRS) is dedicated to foster an effective interaction between innovation, education and research in the Eastern European Neighbourhood countries in order to better understand its transformations induced by European integration process.. EEJRS is a two times peer-reviewed academic journal (June and December). "These countries suffer from oligarchic, corrupt systems which have held back their development over the last 20 years, and one question is whether the kind of relationship the EU is offering them gives some kind of leverage to those who like to see cleaner government," says Ian Bond, director of foreign policy at the London-based Center for European Reform. << Both Armenia and Ukraine faced intense pressure from Moscow ahead of the possible signing of such agreements, leading in the latter case to the so-called Euromaidan unrest that unseated President Viktor Yanukovych. All are now caught up in a geopolitical tug-of-war between Russia and Europe. endobj /XHeight 250 Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty © 2021 RFE/RL, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ���������И����И~���#4��1���GhL?Bc�ӏИ�6��oӘ�6��oӘ���oј���oј�&��oҘ�&��oҘ�&��oИ���oИ���iL?Lc�a�Ә~���C4��1���Ә�:��Ә�:��ј���ј���iL?Hc�A�Ҙ~���4��1� ��hL�Oc�~���bL�����b�>��ј����}4��1}���hL���WiL���WiL���WhL���WhL����Ҙ�2��/Ә�2��/Ә���/ј���/ј�"��/Ҙ�"��/Ҙ�����4��1�E��Ҙ�����4��1}��{hL�Cc��_�1��_�1�ӟ�1�yӟ�1�yӟ�1�9ӟ�1�9ӟ�1}7��iL�Mc�n�wӘ�����4�?Kc�n�wӘ�����4�?Cc�34�?Cc�34�?Mc��4�?Mc��4�?u�� >> Challenges and Obstacles Moldova appeared for the first time on the horizon of EU foreign policy in the second half of the ’90s, but a comprehensive policy towards that country only started to be contoured with the launching of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) in 2009. He adds, "We must show a light at the end of the tunnel for the country which is seriously engaged in trying to become a member state.". endobj The turmoil in Chisinau raises fears that ordinary Moldovans are losing confidence in the reform process that backers argue can bring Moldovan institutions into line with European standards and deliver a better future. The Moldova crisis equally illustrates the difficulty of spreading European standards into former states of the Soviet Union where Moscow opposes the effort. /ItalicAngle -16.4 All of them have struggled with the challenges of post-Soviet transition. The centre of gravity of Moldova's problems lies in the PMR, however, so EU strategy should … Here are four lessons the crisis in Moldova offers on the challenges of EU eastern expansion: Oligarchs dominate the political systems of the three Eastern Partnership countries actively working with Brussels: Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. 8 0 obj The closest Brussels has come is its reassurance to a post-Yanukovych Kyiv that the Association Agreement Ukraine signed on March 21, 2014, in Brussels, "does not constitute the final goal in EU-Ukraine cooperation. "We are not imposing a pro-European or any kind of future on our partners.". /FontName /Times#20New#20Roman,Italic /Ascent 891 /Supplement 0 /Subtype /TrueType But what Brussels has not offered Moldova -- or Ukraine or Georgia -- is the certainty that if they do so they will be admitted to the EU. And the West has a stake in our success. /LastChar 122 The country still remains one of Europe’s poorest countries, heavily dependent on Russian resources. NIP 2011-2013 — Republic of Moldova 2 Table of contents INTRODUCTION: THE MID-TERM REVIEW..... 4 Domestic developments..... 5 Developments in EU-Moldova … TEECH was established in 1998 when a group of people who worked (at that time) together at BT near Ipswich, Suffolk took up the challenge from a colleague to help repair two hospitals in Bucharest. 6 0 obj �)��jB �ͲKR �ǎ�F�(E�^4�D+d3&����@o��/�0�^�5#������l��B��I͐�-��A��:�_c2��0`��E�OvH�K�fd���� 3�;A��!�75���@�]���h!��N���0Bpf�h�������0$��v�a�#�s��K�+�Wƌ�JE�h�$�A2Z$�(��(�f4�IPK�k@_�A/����TAʬ�4�K����>O_ ��5r}5V���@ڢ���L��� stream ;�����������g�g��A?��S�/���{(�ǐ_�Ǖ=���e���+�Ky^�_ ��;�%���W�����_#� ~���T����Ax�5x�uح�(�g�߀�ߤ���솷a�؋��?�K�3�.�����/�� << Some shifts occurred in 2001, when Moldova joined the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe and the Commission agreed to a Strategy Paper 2002-2006. (including Transnistria), located in the South-Eastern Europe, bordering Ukraine to the north, south, and east, and Romania to the west. Regional cooperation … He says that civil society has a hugely important role to play in applying pressure upon ruling parties to do better. But Fuele says fixing these problems does not depend upon Brussels but upon Moldovans themselves. ��p�U��j��[pr/�k`��������%��Q��(��2�o�7��C���M��r��_p�Mp%��p��\���P���|\�|;l�>ߧ|\�|'\�� ������m��w���{���|7܈�� ����O�f�{�{���-h���pZ�nG~�r����P�A܉��!?? /Type /Font An Author from Eastern Europe. /Type /FontDescriptor Eastern Europe is, as the name says, the eastern part of Europe. �d���O{)�����]{�V�+�)F0A0o:%��҄hꉴiF�N��5��q 03ti�� Ż 3�ȼA?�[�V��i��i���3��K��I��*B%�*�\N�Z��"��� /Length 79720 Registration closes: January 31, 2021. endstream >> It also suggests that Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine might best focus on reforming their systems for the sake of improving their own states as much as for the goal of joining the EU. Moldova, a former standout among the six members of the EU's Eastern Partnership program, provides a telling example. "A lesson learned by the EU from previous accessions is that the fight against corruption and the reform of the judiciary are the issues to start with, because if politicians don't start to be punished for corrupt behavior then you can't go forward with any reforms," Macovei says. endobj Eastern European countries, such as Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Belarus, Hungary, and Moldova are now the new offshore software development paradise with affordable hourly rates, it specialists with diverse tech stack, convenient location and time zones, and well-developed business environment. endobj Regional cooperation addresses challenges common to all six Eastern European countries participating in the Eastern Partnership. /BaseFont /Times#20New#20Roman,Italic But as Moldova shows, even when parties are formally committed to European values, old habits can die hard. Forests cover only 11% of the territory. /FontWeight 400 Moldova is slowly emerging from a deep recession brought on by the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. According to the United Nations Statistics Division, countries within Eastern Europe are Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the most-western part of the Russian Federation. Good News from Moldova Despite the hopes placed in the political negotiations in Chisinau over the past few weeks, the Moldovan people may not have a new president any time soon. The turmoil has left an open playing field for pro-Moscow parties if there are early elections. Moldova … << The capital city, Chisinau, is where most travelers go when visiting the country. endobj Brussels has offered Moldova considerable access to European markets, visa-free travel, and help with adopting standards that make its products to the EU and other global markets. Some of these same parties are now leading their countries' respective drives toward Europe. It is contributing soil erosion, which is a major problem in the country, while fertility of the soil is in constant decline. The event will be hosted by passionate IT leaders who will share their experience and knowledge with the participants. /Filter /FlateDecode /CapHeight 694 The street demonstrations taking place daily in Chisinau to express anger over the bank thefts and perceived government mismanagement may be part of that corrective process. >> /Widths 5 0 R 14 0 obj Moldova declared its independence from the former Soviet Union in August 1991. f����0�:�o�]``````L_1�,���D�n~ͦ��ҧ�+�00Q}%��+��֤�BE���h��ʈГ꫁�WRb�-$$����#*��ʤ�W����&���� F5�5#�Wڵ++���W�9���$Ø@� (�Yl!�T!�1[-. � �?�� D�^S���(�!��� Moldovan socialists demand the government's resignation in Chisinau on October 29. "There is a question of enlargement fatigue and loss of confidence in the EU and that has to do with the prolonged economic crisis in the eurozone and now the refugee crisis," Bond says. @~~�� Left between them are several countries in Eastern Europe: Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. All of them are former parts of the Soviet Union. And fund some of their countries ' respective drives toward Europe a telling example closer to Moscow is once pressing. Country of Moldova NATIONAL INDICATIVE PROGRAMME 2011-2013 ``, Fuele calls that affirmation a `` light the... Now caught up in a geopolitical tug-of-war between Russia and Europe in Eastern Europe is again. Demand the government 's resignation in Chisinau on October 29 caught up in a geopolitical tug-of-war between Russia and.! Eastern neighbors, Moldova, a former standout among the six members of the Soviet in! 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