A straightforward explanation of how we know that humans cause global warming, using charts, graphs, and plain language. These stresses have the potential to act as “threat multipliers,” raising the number of failed states. Because nature does not charge market prices for these services, we tend to greatly undervalue them. Average temperatures in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland are expected to increase more than the global average over the ensuing decades (as much as 3 to 5 degrees Celsius by 2080). 3. The costs of climate change for the economy and the society will be much higher than the costs of fighting climate change now. Unfortunately, though, many of these benefits are short-term and are greatly overshadowed by the negative impacts that climate change brings. The potential value of the co-benefits of climate action is large and insufficiently incorporated. Potential benefits of climate change for crop productivity in China. Urban areas such as Philadelphia, Chicago, and Indianapolis will likely experience the worst effects. The greatest benefit from climate change comes not from temperature change but from carbon dioxide itself. While three-quarters of nations will take hits to their national economies, Canada is projected to see outsized benefits. This is not some barmy, right-wing fantasy; it … And while agriculture in some parts of the country could benefit from warmer temperatures in the short run, eventually most areas would see costs. Under an unchecked-emissions scenario, many farmers could face more frequent heavy rains and flooding in the spring, which delay planting; expanded ranges of agricultural pests; and rising temperatures, which stress plants and livestock and reduce yields. Abstract. The election is over, but the crises are all still here. The clean energy economy is poised to be the growth industry of the future worldwide, and the United States could be at the vanguard of that trend if we adopt strong renewable energy policies today. Benefit 20 - There are unique spiritual, purpose, meaning, and character-building benefits for individuals and faith communities in dealing with this global warming emergency and forwarding the climate re-stabilization and a global ecological, economic, and political … If global warming continues unabated, extreme heat waves that now occur once every 20 years are projected to occur about every other year by the end of the century in much of the country. We need Congress to enact strong legislation without delay. Urge the Senate to require employers follow science-based protections for workers and their communities. Climate change has done more good than harm so far and is likely to continue doing so for most of this century. Addressing global warming would also reduce the nation’s reliance on oil, including the portion that comes from unstable regimes around the world. Cite. I will post rebuttals to the articles that criticised this piece below. Climate change mitigation yields multiple benefits – or ‘co-benefits’ – in addition to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change image copyright Getty Images Emissions from UK peatland could cancel out all carbon reduction achieved through new and existing forests, warns the countryside charity CPRE. Some degree of adaptation may be possible—such as by changing crop types, planting dates, and irrigation and fertilizer practices; investing in livestock cooling systems; and taking advantage of crop insurance programs—but these adaptations, too, will likely come at considerable cost. Sea levels are rising, causing entire islands to disappear and coastal cities to flood. Another type of benefit of climate change policies is known as ancillary or co-benefits (and costs) of climate change policies. We must halt the loss of biodiversity and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. For example, as sources of water used for irrigation dry up, the costs of producing food could rise. Top military officials have warned for years that climate change could have serious ramifications for our nation’s security and increase the stress on our armed forces. Warmer waters are intensifying hurricanes and augmenting their rainfall. For example, rising seas threaten coastal barrier reefs, which protect communities from storm surges, and wetlands, which filter impurities from water. The poor in coastal and low-lying areas are also less likely to have insurance against losses from hurricanes and floods, and may be less able to relocate if necessary. Agricultural growing seasons will significantly expand. 2 Brattle Square, Cambridge MA 02138, USA The CIRA project quantifies and monetizes the risks of inaction and benefits to the U.S. of global GHG mitigation within six broad sectors (water resources, electricity, infrastructure, health, agriculture and … Climate change will harm human health, and successful strategies to mitigate the extent of the change will restrict that harm. By addressing global warming, we can also help farmers avoid the most severe consequences of climate change. Make no mistake, human-caused climate change is an urgent global threat, one in which the consequences vastly outweigh the benefits. These impacts, along with many others, are predicted to sap the world's economy by trillions of dollars over the next thirty years. While that will necessitate some adaptation, on the whole, the region should benefit. But we will have to pick up the pace to stay competitive internationally. "We’re not seeing worse heat waves or longer heat waves or more of those long nights that don’t fall below 75 degrees,” Dr. Kenneth Blumenfeld, a senior climatologist at the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, told the New York Times. Higher temperatures and the associated stagnant air masses, interacting with pollution from vehicles and industry, are also expected to increase the frequency and intensity of conditions conducive to smog formation. Sea levels are rising, causing entire islands to disappear and coastal cities to flood. Advantages of Climate Change. Several recent studies show that acting quickly and decisively to address this challenge and shift our economy to Humanitarian agencies also warn that the world’s poorest people are already bearing the brunt of climate change, and that poorer countries could lose 50 years of development gains if richer nations do nothing. We use cookies to improve your experience. Entry: Global Warming Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit ... intensifying hurricanes and augmenting their rainfall, University of Illinois economist David Albouy, communities all along North America's Great Lakes, as much as 3 to 5 degrees Celsius by 2080. My Spectator cover story on the net benefits of climate change.. They’re the most dangerous invention the world has ever seen. While climate change in 100 years may have more dramatic effects, climate change in the next few decades has consequences, too, and for poor farmers struggling now or … Why isn’t it? The US continues to keep intercontinental ballistic missiles on high alert—creating the risk of a mistaken nuclear war in response to a false warning. In fact, some areas may actually benefit. "Instead, what we’re seeing is warmer winters, fewer days during winter where we get to negative 30 Fahrenheit.". Climate change is one of the most urgent issues of our day. Marcelo Mena, the former environment minister of Chile, is on a mission to create a zero-emission economy in his country by 2050. But while climate change on a global scale is decidedly damaging, not all areas of the planet will experience these negative effects equally. It is believed that there have been five ice ages to date with regular warmer intervals. Many projections suggest that the low end of that temperature range could be breached by mid-century. At the same time, those municipalities aren't as susceptible to rising waters compared to cities near the oceans. Climate change is one of the most devastating problems humanity has ever faced—and the clock is running out. A warming climate would worsen these conditions, while lowering emissions can lessen their impact on low-income families. The Union of Concerned Scientists is actively monitoring the coronavirus pandemic and its implications for scientific integrity. Action to sharply reduce our global warming emissions can greatly curtail the costs of climate change, especially over the longer term. The IPCC has concluded with high confidence that, by mid-century, precipitation changes owing to climate change will mean that less water will be available in already arid parts of the world, including the western United States. | Environment | The Guardian Tell President Biden: It is time for bold action on nuclear weapons. Using energy more efficiently and reducing global warming emissions would help all families—especially low-income families—lower their energy bills. Co-benefits of climate change mitigation as defined in the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change are the positive benefits related to the reduction of greenhouse gases. We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Addressing global warming could lessen the threat to these water resources. Lower water levels and higher temperatures in streams and rivers could diminish the capacity of hydropower and cause the collapse of some fisheries. UCS estimates that investing in cleaner vehicles and a more efficient transportation system could cut our use of petroleum products by 6 million barrels a day— as much oil as we now import from PEC (the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). Poorer populations are more likely to lack health insurance, and in urban areas are disproportionately exposed to ground-level ozone and airborne allergens, increasing the incidence of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Strong policies to promote investment in renewable energy, energy efficiency, and clean transportation, as part of a comprehensive climate plan, will create the momentum to keep these industries internationally competitive. anywhere from 30% to over 100% of abatement costs). Below are 10 reasons for strong action to promote clean energy and curb climate change. And these studies exclude or underestimate important mechanisms for containing these costs, such as greater efficiency, and ignore the savings that would come from avoiding many of the costs of climate change itself. More green jobs and lower costs. Bringing tropical deforestation to zero will contribute to both. No purchase necessary. Climate change is one of the most urgent issues of our day. We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Ice age is the period in which the temperature drops to the extent that life becomes extremely difficult on Earth. Text STOP to opt out. Text "SCIENCE" to 662266 or sign up online. Each of these effects can significantly raise costs. China—already the world’s largest producer of solar panels—recently committed to increasing its solar power capacity 15 times over by 2011, aiming for two gigawatts of installed capacity by that year. In addition, one study found that nearly twice as many people of color as the general population lack access to air conditioning, which could lead to more heat-related illnesses and deaths. Farmers can also make money by installing wind turbines, solar panels, and other clean energy technologies on their land and buildings. One of the most obvious examples is cleaner air. For GHG mitigation policies, co-benefits can best be defined as effects that are additional to direct reductions of GHG and impacts of climate change and have estimated to be large, relative to the costs of mitigation (e.g. These payments would equal about $1 billion per year from 2015 to 2020, and $15–$20 billion per year from 2040 to 2050. Agricultural yields will likely fall in many of the globe's breadbasket regions. 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. It provides a clear direction of … Water shortages have wide-ranging consequences. US electricity infrastructure is aging, inadequate, and vulnerable. While climate change is commonly characterized by extremes in temperature and weather, the northernmost parts of Minnesota and Michigan may actually end up with more moderate temperatures and weather patterns, according to University of Illinois economist David Albouy. At one extreme, it has been estimated that climate change might reduce agricultural productivity so much as to cut the value of agricultural land by almost 20 percent. © Union of Concerned Scientists Call on Congress to prioritize science-based election reforms. Northern Minnesota and Michigan's Upper Peninsula. They are sometimes referred to as "multiple benefits" or "synergies". And water prices could rise not only for farmers but also for industry and homeowners, especially in areas where growing populations are already putting stress on water resources, such as the southwest United States. Droughts are growing more common and lasting longer. Climate change is contributing to snowpack losses and melting glaciers in the United States, leading to water shortages in the West. In a conversation about climate action, he discusses how the COVID-19 pandemic is changing Chile's ambitious plan to tackle climate change -- and explains why the green recovery needs to be powered by both political leaders and citizens alike. The United States must continue to expand its burgeoning clean energy industries—wind, solar, biomass, geothermal power, and efficient vehicles, among others—to keep pace with other countries. A recent Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) study found that a standard requiring the nation to produce 25 percent of all electricity from renewable sources by 2025 would create nearly 300,000 new U.S. jobs. Climate Action Benefits: Health | Climate Change in the United … The energy choices we make today could make or break our ability to fight climate change. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that, over the next two decades, U.S. farmers and rural landowners could earn $1.2 billion in new income through such steps. Droughts are growing more common and lasting longer. By leasing land for one utility-scale wind turbine, for instance, a farmer could earn $3,000 a year. But this benefit is a two-edged sword: weeds, many invasive plant species, and insect pests will also thrive in a warmer world. The U.S. military may be called upon to respond to humanitarian disasters in these regions; moreover, state failure often exacerbates extremism and terrorist activities, further increasing the burden on overstretched U.S. troops. Conversely, reducing our emissions through a shift to cleaner forms of energy will not only help slow global warming but will also improve air quality, reducing the cases of asthma and other respiratory illnesses that result from high levels of ozone and airborne particulates. Every region in the United States is already experiencing the costly effects of climate change—including coastal areas threatened by rising sea levels and more intense hurricanes; Midwest farmlands facing more crop-damaging heat waves, pests, and flooding; and communities in the West and Southwest experiencing drought and wildfires. In general, communities all along North America's Great Lakes will be relatively shielded from climate change as the vast bodies of water should keep the region fairly temperate. The health of human populations is sensitive to shifts in weather patterns and other aspects of climate change (very high confidence). to climate change. These effects occur directly, due to changes in temperature and precipitation and occurrence of heat waves, floods, droughts, and fires. Finally, because the concentration of pollutants increases when water levels drop, water shortfalls could also lower water quality. Drought, extreme weather events, changes in food production, and pandemics caused by climate change could drive resource conflicts and migrations in vulnerable parts of the world. Several recent studies show that acting quickly and decisively to address this challenge and shift our economy to clean energy will bring significant benefits to the United States—while also helping us avoid some of the worst consequences of unchecked global warming. The bill would also provide monthly cash refunds and annual tax credits to low-income individuals. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that ACES would help households with income in the lowest fifth of the U.S. income distribution save $40 each year by 2020. However, the resulting drops in energy bills from reductions in electricity and fuel use will more than offset the costs of these investments. 2. How much? Since mitigation, and in a lot of cases, adaptation, will take time to implement and to reduce … The plan says climate change poses risks to public health, endangers permafrost, and increases the likelihood of infections and natural disasters. While we cannot avoid some of these harms, lowering our emissions quickly would give us a chance to diminish them. The effects of climate change span the physical environment, ecosystems and human societies. As Earth's climate changes, here are three regions that could be big winners. Canada. They do not include the directbenefits of climate policy arising from a more stable climate. Prevents ice age. The US food system should be providing healthy, sustainable food for everyone. According to the EIA, for example, household energy costs would be less than $10 a month higher in 2020, or less than 33 cents a day, and the total discounted GDP losses from the 2012 to 2030 time period would amount to just 0.2 percent of GDP. Recent polls show that most Americans strongly support congressional action to promote clean energy and tackle climate change. Terms and conditions. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that ACES would lead to very modest costs for the agricultural sector in the short term, but potentially significant net benefits over the medium to long term from the growing market for agricultural “offsets.” Instead of directly reducing their own emissions, industries subject to a cap on global warming emissions would pay farmers and ranchers to increase the amount of carbon stored in soils and vegetation, reduce methane emissions from animal waste, or reduce nitrous oxide emissions from fertilizer use. Warming temperatures and growing acidification threaten oceans, lakes, and rivers, which sustain our fisheries. Co-benefits are the added benefits we get when we act to control climate change, above and beyond the direct benefits of a more stable climate. Climate change poses significant risks to humans and the environment. Could climate change be a good thing? One study has estimated that, if emissions remain unchecked, losses related to just four areas—hurricane damages, energy costs, water costs, and residential costs stemming from sea-level rise—could equal 1.4 percent of GDP by 2025, and 1.9 percent of GDP by 2100. According to the Nobel prize–winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), if global temperatures rise more than 3˚–5˚F, up to 30 percent of plant and animal species could become extinct. Low-income communities will bear a disproportionate share of the impact of climate change and have fewer resources to cope. 10 Animals That Surprisingly Benefit From Climate Change - … The future costs and benefits of climate change are uncertain and unevenly distributed. Renewable energy has been one of the bright spots of the U.S. economy during these hard times. Sign up or text "SCIENCE" to 662266. Share. Tell Uber & Lyft to be part of a clean transportation future. Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy and complex. Addressing global warming could help lessen the harm to ecosystems that now provide us with multiple benefits. It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. Climate change is fueling wildfires. Moreover, many animal and plant species that provide us with important medicines and other products—in addition to having intrinsic value—could face extinction. Perhaps no country on Earth stands to gain more from climate change than Canada. Human-caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.. By continuing, you accept our use of cookies. The Nordic Region. Land and Sea Ice Loss Ice is an important part of the global climate system because it reflects a large amount of solar radiation while also … For example, climate action can help numerous businesses that are vulnerable to a changing climate, from maple sugaring in the Northeast and skiing in Colorado to vital energy and transportation companies that depend on offshore oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico and shipping on the Great Lakes. We're arming the new administration with facts, evidence, and science. Studies show that it is feasible and affordable. Yet these impacts to health are still not well recognized. Since you can’t change what you don’t understand, this course is designed to equip health and environmental professionals, as well as other changemakers and the public, with critical and usable knowledge to take positive action. Democracy and science can be powerful partners for the public good—and both are under attack. New plant, land animal, and fish species will also thrive in the region. Moreover, with significant freshwater reserves and as much as 4.2 million square kilometers of newly arable farmland, Canada could be the world's new breadbasket fifty years into the future. It also … A 2009 UCS study found that unleashing the full potential of policies designed to promote efficiency and renewable energy, along with a sharp limit on global warming emissions, would save U.S. households an average of $900 annually by 2030, while businesses would save a total of $126 billion annually. Msg & data rates may apply. Additional tourism, greatly expanded growing seasons, reduced infrastructure costs, and increased maritime shipping as the Arctic region's ice cover dwindles are a few of the factors that will contribute to that meteoric rise. Grappling with climate change requires transforming how we power our economy, and no sector requires more fundamental change than transportation, which accounts for the largest share of US global warming pollution. He also made the point that Wolf may be overlooking the benefits of climate change.