Along with the domes of the Florence cathedral and St. Peter’s in Rome, this is one of the rare domes built completely in stone. The measured plans done by Kiesling from 1949 – 1959 were particularly useful in forming a good base of documentation for the reconstruction phases. The promotional group with initially 14 members eventually developed into a promotional society whose radiation reached all spheres of society. The peaceful revolution in 1989 and the Re-unification of Germany in 1990 brought about change also for Dresden’s Frauenkirche. +49 (0)351-656 06 100stiftung@frauenkirche-dresden.de. Complicated calculations with regard to the bearing concept were carried out to correct the flow of loads in bearing structure planning. The stone structure of the Frauenkirche was completed by laying the stones of the lantern cornice at a height of 78 m on April 13, 2004. The reinforced concrete structure that was designed as a ‘white tank’ encircles the east side of the church in a ‘U’-shape and nestles against George Bähr's foundations leaving just a settlement joint. This was a real challenge, not least due to the baroque architecture with its multiple curved surfaces. The rope was removed after the mortar had set and the joint then closed with joint mortar. The church was to provide a clear and dominating centerpiece for the extensively planned historical city. An almost inconceivable number of scaffold poles was required. Furthermore, the connection between the gallery girders and the masonry was improved. The reconstruction of the dome in the 1990s followed the original plans. A roofed drawing floor was mounted in front of the west side where the lagging for the arches between the piers was assembled. The reconstruction of monuments all over Dresden began, but the Frauenkirche remained in its rubble state for 48 more years. The keystone of the main vault could be positioned on 23rd May 1996. Ruins of the church following World War II. The building did not grow as fast in this and the next year since the amounts of sandstone in cubic meters increased per running metre and complicated laggings had to carry the newly-placed arches and vaults. Special attention was paid to the eight inner piers. Architects often debate the reconstruction (or restoration) of historical monuments due to the high cost. Finally, after the Berlin wall came down in 1989, the citizens of Dresden started intense discussions on the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche. The outer stonework, the spar-type frames, the staircases and the inner stonework reached the height of the window sills. The installation of a new canopy was the prerequisite for the construction of the lantern which began on September 1 and reached a height of 77.20 m by Christmas. The citizens of Dresden took the initiative and with the support of private funds started a 13 year long reconstruction and restoration process. Photo: wikimedia.org/Foto:Fortepan, Nemeth Tamas. The huge dome of the Dresden Frauenkirche is a magnificent sight from inside and outside. The preservation committee in Dresden placed the site under historic protection in 1966. Reconstruction of the Frauenkirche Dresden's citizens never lost the hope that the once monumental church would one day rise from its ruins. A special atmosphere was created by the music from the organ, designed with great care by Gottfried Silbermann. The reconstruction of the Frauenkirche: the return of Dresden's landmark The conviction that the Frauenkirche that had been totally destroyed simply had to be rebuilt was shared by many people within Dresden and elsewhere too. Stiftung Frauenkirche Dresden Georg-Treu-Platz 301067 Dresden, Tel. This material was so popular because it is very strong, easy to work and available locally, among other things. This meant that the scaffolding in front of the façade was not required any more and could be dismantled. It was his intention to place the sandstone structure into the city like a giant sculpture. Around 60,000 people on the spot and 8 million viewers in front of their TV’s witnessed and celebrated the occasion. The inner cupola was lit by large windows which brought filtered light into the interior. In the Frauenkirche this was particularly difficult on the piers, the dome and other curved areas as well as where old and new stones were joined. Furthermore, the outer part of the main basement for the west barrel vault, which was three metres wide and had not collapsed, had to be included. A 3D graphic model was made to analyze the movement of the collapse of the stones and their present place in the rubble. The exhibitions cover the church’s reconstruction from a pile of rubble to a grand building. In the 18th century, the famous dome structure by George Bähr was built and dominated Dresden’s cityscape for 200 years. The Frauenkirche collapsed on 15 February 1945, two days after the devastating bombing of Dresden, the history of the church building, which was completed in 1743 by Baroque architect George Bähr, seemed to have come to an end. The massive contemporary black altar stone erected in the centre of the Lower Church is impressive and open to various interpretations. The archaeological stocktaking method was elaborate and the latest technology was also used for assistance. This was preceded by a lot of careful planning. The interior and overall design aren't in my top ten but the story behind, literally, every stone, is one Another trial section was erected at entrance C in 1995. 40,000 people gathered in the streets and squares around the Frauenkirche to listen. Bähr knew that these piers were of paramount importance for his bearing concept. The restrained décor of the interior culminates in the truly Baroque splendor of the altar and organ. George Baehr had intuitively recognized the load transfer problem and had planned to mount ring beams inside the stone base of the dome. The tension applied by each of these members can be monitored with computer software and administered time and again. Ascent to the Dome Pay admission to the hike to the top of the dome. Another highlight of the reconstruction was the completion of the filigree wood carvings and the colourful decoration of the organ gallery and organ front in the inner church room. At the same time, however, it is testimony to the overcoming of enmity and a sign of hope and reconciliation. This helped in identifying the tentative locations of various stones. In December 1736, Johann Sebastian Bach played for the first time on the church’s organ and filled the listeners with joy and admiration. On 20th February 1992, the Dresden city council consented to the rebuilding of the Frauenkirche. Various experiments were carried out by the Institute of Geotechnik and the Department of Structural Design at the Technical University Dresden. The main dome started to deviate from the perpendicular and incline inwards there. They already gave an impression of the effect that such a big compound unit will have amidst the new stones. The lower cornice was completed as a basis or foundation as it were for the inner dome above the church room. The foundation stone was not laid during this ceremony because it still lies in its place in the foundation of the choir where it was laid on 26th August 1726. It had been shortened beforehand and could now be laid on steel supports anchored in the main cornice. Furthermore, a damp course was installed. were used for the piers. The roofing structure also had to ensure a transport of materials via cranes – after all, blocks weighing up to 5 tonnes had to be moved. Efforts and proposals were brought in by professionals world wide. It is a genuine invention of the architect George Baehr. This work could only be carried out after the projecting arches above the oval windows behind the triangular gables had been finished. In the final winter of World War II, the allied forces bombarded Dresden and killed thousands of the residents. All Rights Reserved. In 2002 the canopy had to be raised twice to provide enough space for the quickly growing church building. The flood catastrophe in August also took its toll in the Frauenkirche. The sacred structure was built by George Bähr between 1726 and 1743. The reconstruction costs of around 250 million DM for the Dresden Frauenkirche were paid almost exclusively from donations collected all over the world. Both shells of the dome had been penetrated by eight openings for windows. However, a solution was found: the load of approximately 270 t was lifted hydraulically in steps of 5 cm to a height of 24.5 m. This technique was further improved during later lifting processes. A year later it was lifted to 33.50 m and then to 44 m for the last time in May 2000. After the end of WWII, however, neither the Church in the State of Saxony nor the city of Dresden had the funds, let alone technical or personnel resources to launch the rebuilding project on their own. From there the canopy was raised to 57 m in April. Restorers were working on the altar. In 1726, the actual planning of the Frauenkirche began. Metal workers were building stairs, ladders, gratings, window grilles and handrails. An assignment for the reconstruction of the historical design of the building Until reconstruction was completed, the most important task of the the Church of our Lady Foundation in Dresden was to ensure that the structural reconstruction of the church closely reflects the design of its architect George Bähr. Serious attempts were made in the following year to clear the rubble of the church, but were then stopped due to a lack of funding and resources. In this way, the Frauenkirche will testify to the history of its destruction in the future too. A variety of different types of scaffolding were needed during the restoration of the Frauenkirche. The last pieces of rubble from the west gable were removed from in front of main Entrance D. The Advisory Board had previously decided to include this west gable in the archaeological rebuilding efforts. The church was destroyed shortly before the end of World War II. The viewing platform in the lantern was ready and opened to the public. Unlike 200 years ago, when the broken stones were mostly hewn on site, the raw material nowadays is processed in workshops and delivered in prefabricated blocks by overland routes only. As the final stones are put in place in Dresden's Frauenkirche, long-time residents of the city recall their horrifying memories when Allied bombers destroyed the city. The outer wall had now reached a height of approximately 28.3 m. The masonry back-up was laid in all sections up to the same height. Stone masons and layers were laying sandstone steps and plates. Window builders were inserting the glazed steel windows in the dome batter and main dome areas. An overhead travelling crane with trolley proved to be a good alternative. The 22,000 m³ mound of rubble was cleared in only 17 months. Gesellschaft zur Förderung des Wiederaufbaus, Livestream der Mitgliederversammlung 2020. The penetrating water thus had to be diverted into ducts covered by plates on the main cornice in future. The peal of bells rang out for the first time on the eve of Whitsun (June 7). The groundwater rose steadily and also penetrated the Lower Church. The masonry of the foundation could be inspected and stabilized at the same time. Based on detailed calculations, there was a need to reinforce the stone dome with post-tension anchors for the dome to support itself and survive any kind of sudden change in forces. This allowed a precise description of the ruin parts and an exact specification of where the main axes of the Frauenkirche had to run. The seating area was surrounded by tall arcades supported by slender piers on all sides. Around 1990, the first plans for redeveloping the church started to appear under the name “Call for Dresden”. It was a troubled path they followed, faced with repeated controversy, but their dream eventually came true. The stones were exclusively hewn on site and most required a lot of reworking. The history of Dresden's Frauenkirche A unique dome. 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